7.Referencing in APA Style

Referencing in APA Style

Text spacing:

In APA all text is double spaced.

Justification of Text:

In APA all text is right align without justification.

In-Text Citations in APA style:

In In-Text Citations the author’s last name and date of publication are placed in the text in this order. For example:

(Sabin, 2009)

(Littleford, 2007)

Citation of Article in APA:

Author last name. First name first letter. Second name first letter. (year of

publication). the journal name, volume of journal.

Kreps, D. M. (1997). Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic incentives. The American

Economic Review, 87(2), 359-364.

 Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2010). Intrinsic motivation. The corsini encyclopedia of

psychology, 1-2.

Citation of Un Published Thesis in APA:

Author last name, First name first letter. Second name first letter. (Year). Title of thesis. 

Institution name, City, Country. Also provide a Retrieve address.

Littleford, A. R. (2007). Principal Leadership and Its Perceived Influence on Teacher Morale in

Elementary Schools. East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, U.S


Author last name, second last name (Year). Title of thesis. Retrieved from Name of website.

(Doi number)

Blum, N. Note on the parallel computation thesis. Netherlands: N. p., 1983. Web.


Thayer, B. A. (2013). Humans, not angels: Reasons to doubt the decline of war

thesis. International Studies Review, 15(3), 405-411. https://doi.org/10.1111/misr.12031

(For further information consult APA 6th edition)

Photo by freestocks.org from Pexels